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Physical Chemistry

2nd Edition

Ball, David W. (david Warren), BAER, Tomas

Publisher: Wadsworth Cengage Learning,

ISBN: 9781133958437

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Chapter

Section

Problem 1.1E:

A bomb calorimeter is a study metal vessel in which samples can be ignited and the amount of heat...

Problem 1.4E:

Use the equalities listed in Table 1.1 to convert the given values to the desired units. a 12.56 L...

Problem 1.6E:

A standard drinking straw is 23 cm tall. What pressure difference is needed to raise a column of...

Problem 1.7E:

Referring to the previous exercise: Without special pressurized equipment, the maximum pressure...

Problem 1.8E:

A pot of cold water is heated on a stove, and when the water boils, a fresh egg is placed in the...

Problem 1.9E:

hat difference is necessary for heat to flow between two systems? Can you think of an exception to...

Problem 1.10E:

What is the value of FT for a sample of gas whose volume is 2.97 L and pressure is 0.0553 atm? What...

Problem 1.11E:

What is the value of FP for a sample of gas whose temperature is -33.0 C and volume is 0.0250 L?...

Problem 1.12E:

Calculate the value of the constant in equation 1.9 for a 1.887 mol gas sample with a pressure of...

Problem 1.13E:

Hydrogen gas is used in weather balloon because it is less expensive than Helium. Assume that 5.57 g...

Problem 1.14E:

A weather balloon having an initial volume of 67 L and 1.04 atm is weighed down and dropped into the...

Problem 1.15E:

A 2.0 L soda bottle is pressurized with 4.5 atm of CO2 at 298 K. If the temperature is increased to...

Problem 1.16E:

The Mount Pinatubo volcano eruption in 1991 released an estimated 1.82 x 1013g of SO2 into the...

Problem 1.17E:

Show that one value of R, with its associated units, equals another value of R with its different...

Problem 1.18E:

Scottish physicist W. J. M. Rankine proposed an absolute temperature scale based on the Fahrenheit...

Problem 1.20E:

Calculations using STP and SATP use the same? Different? values of R. Choose one phrase to make the...

Problem 1.21E:

Pressures of gases in mixtures are referred to as partial pressures and are additive. 1.00 L of He...

Problem 1.22E:

Earths atmosphere is approximately 80 N2 and 20 O2. If the total atmospheric pressure at sea level...

Problem 1.23E:

The atmospheric surface pressure on Venus is 90 bar and is composed of 96 carbon dioxide and...

Problem 1.24E:

The atmospheric surface pressure on Mars is 4.50 torr and is composed entirely of carbon dioxide....

Problem 1.25E:

In the reaction between hydrochloric acid and magnesium 100.0 g of HCl aq is reacted. What volume of...

Problem 1.26E:

In the anaerobic oxidation of glucose by yeast, CO2 is produced: If 1.56 L of CO2 were produced at...

Problem 1.27E:

What are the slopes of the following lines at the point x = 5? At x = 10? a y = 5x 7 b y = 3x2 5x ...

Problem 1.28E:

For the following function, evaluate the derivatives in a-f below. F(w,x,y,z)=3xy2+w3z332yxy2z3w...

Problem 1.31E:

Why do you think that none of the above exercises ask you to take a derivative with respect to R? Is...

Problem 1.32E:

a Rewrite the ideal gas law as volume being a function of pressure and temperature. b What is the...

Problem 1.33E:

When a given amount of air is let out of an automobile tire, it changes it volume and pressure...

Problem 1.34E:

A derivative with respect to the same variable can be taken more than once: and is called the second...

Problem 1.36E:

a What is the value of the compressibility for an ideal gas? b Does the value vary with p, V, T, or...

Problem 1.37E:

Liquid nitrogen comes in large cylinders that required special tank carts and hold 120 L of liquid...

Problem 1.38E:

Calculate the Boyle temperatures for carbon dioxide, oxygen, and nitrogen using the van der Waals...

Problem 1.39E:

Determine the expression for p / VT, n for a van der Waals gas and for the virial equation in terms...

Problem 1.40E:

What are the units of the virial coefficient C? of C?

Problem 1.41E:

Table 1.4 show that the second virial coefficient B for He is negative at low temperature, seems to...

Problem 1.42E:

Use Table 1.5 to list the gases from most ideal to least ideal. What trend or trends are obvious...

Problem 1.44E:

The van der Waals constant b can be used to estimate molecular sizes, assuming the molecules are...

Problem 1.45E:

Under what conditions would the van der Waals constant b be negative? Do you think there are any...

Problem 1.46E:

By definition, the compressibility of an ideal gas is 1. By approximately what percentage does this...

Problem 1.47E:

The second virial coefficient B and the third viral coefficient C for Ar are -0.021 L/mol and 0.0012...

Problem 1.48E:

Use the approximation 1 x-1 1 x x2 to determine an expression for the virial coefficient C in...

Problem 1.49E:

Why is nitrogen a good choice for the study of ideal gas behavior around room temperature?

Problem 1.51E:

Numerically evaluate for one mole of methane acting as a van der Waals gas at a T = 298 K and V =...

Problem 1.52E:

Under what conditions of volume does a van der Waals gas behave like an ideal gas? Use the van der...

Problem 1.53E:

At high temperatures, one of the van der Waals constants can be ignored. Which one? Justify your...

Problem 1.54E:

Under what conditions of temperature does a Redlich-Kwong gas behave like an ideal gas? Use the...

Problem 1.55E:

The Berthelot equation of state for one mole of gas is p=RTV-b-aTV2 Where a and b are constants...

Problem 1.56E:

The Dieterici equation of state for one mole of gas is p=RTe-aVRTV-b Where a and b are constants...

Problem 1.57E:

Referring to exercises 1.6 and 1.7, does it matter if the pressure difference is caused by an ideal...

Problem 1.58E:

Write two other forms of the cyclic rule in equation 1.26, using the mnemonic in Figure 1.11.

Problem 1.59E:

Use Figure 1.11 to construct the cyclic rule equivalent of Does the answer make sense in light of...

Problem 1.60E:

What are the units for and ?

Problem 1.61E:

Calculate for one mole of an ideal gas at STP and SATP.

Problem 1.62E:

Calculate for one mole of an ideal gas at STP and SATP.

Problem 1.63E:

Why is it difficult to determine an analytic expression for and for a van der Waals gas?

Problem 1.64E:

Show that = T/p for an ideal gas.

Problem 1.65E:

Determine an expression for V/T p, n in terms of and . Does the sign on the expression make sense...

Problem 1.66E:

Density is defined as molar mass, M, divided by molar volume: M,V and pd=MV Evaluate d/ T p, n for...

Problem 1.67E:

Write the fraction / in a different form using the cyclic rule of partial derivatives.

Problem 1.68E:

Perform a units analysis on the exponent of the barometric function and verify that the overall...

Problem 1.69E:

Using the barometric formula, calculate the expected air pressure in Colorado Springs, Colorado,...

Problem 1.70E:

The barometric formula can also be used for elevations below sea level. In such cases, h is...

Problem 1.71E:

Calculate the average grade using equation 1.32 if the scores on a 10-point quiz are 3, 5, 7, 3, 4,...

Problem 1.72E:

Calculate the average grade using equation 1.32 if the scores on a 10-point quiz are 5, 5, 5, 5, 10,...

Problem 1.73E:

What is the ratio of the populations of two energy states whose energies differ by 500 J at a 200 K...

Problem 1.74E:

What is the ratio of the populations of two energy states whose energies differ by 1000 J at a 200 K...

Problem 1.75E:

Determine the expected for translational and rotational motions, in RT units, for these gases. a Ne...

Problem 1.76E:

Determine the expected for translation and rotational motions, in RT units, for theses gases. a CN2...

Problem 1.77E:

Explain why it is difficult to determine a simple value for for vibration degrees of freedom. What...

Problem 1.78E:

Table 1.4 gives different values of the second virial coefficient B for different temperatures....

Show more chapters

Chapter 1 - Gases And The Zeroth Law Of ThermodynamicsChapter 2 - The First Law Of ThermodynamicsChapter 3 - The Second And Third Laws Of ThermodynamicsChapter 4 - Gibbs Energy And Chemical PotentialChapter 5 - Introduction To Chemical EquilibriumChapter 6 - Equilibria In Single-component SystemsChapter 7 - Equilibria In Multiple-component SystemsChapter 8 - Electrochemistry And Ionic SolutionsChapter 9 - Pre-quantum MechanicsChapter 10 - Introduction To Quantum Mechanics

Chapter 11 - Quantum Mechanics: Model Systems And The Hydrogen AtomChapter 12 - Atoms And MoleculesChapter 13 - Introduction To Symmetry In Quantum MechanicsChapter 14 - Rotational And Vibrational SpectroscopyChapter 15 - Introduction To Electronic Spectroscopy And StructureChapter 16 - Introduction To Magnetic SpectroscopyChapter 17 - Statistical Thermodynamics: IntroductionChapter 18 - More Statistical ThermodynamicsChapter 19 - The Kinetic Theory Of GasesChapter 20 - KineticsChapter 21 - The Solid State: CrystalsChapter 22 - Surfaces

With its easy-to-read approach and focus on core topics, PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY, 2e provides a concise, yet thorough examination of calculus-based physical chemistry. The Second Edition, designed as a learning tool for students who want to learn physical chemistry in a functional and relevant way, follows a traditional organization and now features an increased focus on thermochemistry, as well as new problems, new two-column examples, and a dynamic new four-color design. Written by a dedicated chemical educator and researcher, the text also includes a review of calculus applications as applied to physical chemistry.

We offer sample solutions for Physical Chemistry homework problems. See examples below:

Show more sample solutions

A bomb calorimeter is a study metal vessel in which samples can be ignited and the amount of heat...Calculatethe work performed by a person whoexertsa force of 30 NN = newtonstomove abox 30metersif...Decide whether the following processes will be spontaneous, and why. The why can be general, not...List the sets of conditions that allow dS, dU, and dH of a process in a system act as a spontaneity...5.1. Can a battery that has a voltage be considered a system at equilibrium? How about a dead...6.1. Determine the number of components in the following systems: (a) an iceberg of pure ; (b)...7.1. Consult Example and assume that now your mixed drink has an olive in it. Now how many degrees...8.1. What is the charge on a small sphere that is attracted to another sphere having charge if the...For an object having mass m falling in the z direction, the kinetic energy is 12mz and the potential...

State the postulates of quantum mechanics introduced throughout the chapter in your own words.Convert 3.558mdyn/A into units of N/m.In the Stern-Gerlach experiment, silver atoms were used. This was a good choice, as it turned out....In your own words, explain why an object that has more symmetry elements is said to have higher...Why wont a rotational spectrum be observed for the rotation of a linear molecule about its linear...Linearly polarized light can be assigned a specific irreducible representation of a symmetry point...What is the difference between a magnetic field vector and a magnetic dipole vector?Draw the possible ways of putting two balls into three boxes, one ball per box. Are your drawings...Using a table of nuclear spin states, determine qnuc for a12C atoms, b56Fe atoms, c1H atoms,...Define postulate in the scientific sense. You may have to consult a good dictionary that can define...Write three additional rate relationships like equation 20.5 using the definition of the rate from...Give an atomic-level reason why ionic crystals are brittle.Using the explanation of unbalanced forces as the source of surface tension, justify why it requires...

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